Location based services (LBS) are a subset of geographic information systems (GIS) technology supporting the integration of spatial location into business processes. The substantial majority of data resources maintained in state government contain some reference to spatial location. This can be in the form of a street address, zip code, city or county name, or an explicit map coordinate reference.
Integrating spatial location to business data enables advanced analysis that is not possible through traditional programming or database techniques alone. This locational component provides a means of relating disparate business data sets where there is not a conventional relational component in the database design(s). Each business data set can be related to the digital map; the digital map becomes the means for relating, comparing, and analyzing relationships in the data.